Feet are the most used and less cared part of the body. It’s very sad that the feet are usually neglected by our daily beauty regime. They carry the all of your body weight and keep going most of the time of the day.
Each foot contains 33 joints, 100 tendons, muscles, 5 nails, a large part of the skin, and ligaments; and a countless nerves and blood vessels that link all the way to the heart, spine, and brain and they can work in rigorous ways all the time.
Read below on what signals to look for to care for your feet properly.
1. Foot cramps
When your body is dehydrated then you tend to have more cramps. Lack of water in the body can lead to slight shrinking of muscles due to which the muscles can lose their elasticity and cramps can increase. Less water means less oxygen and the imbalance of electrolytes or nutrients, especially sodium, calcium, potassium, or magnesium. Cramps or spasms can also be caused due to overexertion. Another cause of cramps can be the constant use of heels, switching over to flats can reduce the risk of cramps.
2. Big Toe
Big toe can be formed because of the excess deposit of uric acid into the joints. The Big toe is red, hot, swollen and extremely painful. Gout is the most common type of arthritis in men and can cause kidney stones too.
3. Cold Feet
It has been seen that cold feet do indicate towards including poor circulation of blood, diabetes, hypothyroidism, and anemia. If your feet are changing color from red to white to blue then there are chances that you might be suffering from Raynaud’s disease, in this which blood vessels narrow down when the nerves react to the cold.
4. Swelling of feet
Swelling of feet can indicate a number of problems like acute kidney failure, blockage of lymphatic system after the treatment of cancer, heart failure, liver problems, and blood clot. These are just a few of them but there are many diseases which are not mentioned here.
Heating up of feet, inflammation, redness can suggest infection and bruising can suggest sprain or injury.
5. Spoon-shaped toenails
Curved toenails or concaved toenails are a result of severe iron deficiency and nutritional deficiency. Anemia is mainly linked to malnutrition, internal bleeding, malignancy, and celiac disease. Spoon-shaped toenails can also be a sign of a genetic disorder, circulatory problems, autoimmune diseases, and musculoskeletal conditions and if you have discolored nails and the wounds that won’t heal then that means you need medical help.
6. Discolored or colored nail.
You should never wear nail polish for a longer period of time. Wearing too much of nail paint can damage your nails and cuticles and color of the nails can determine many diseases. Yellow toenails are a sign of poor nutrition, exposure to harmful nail polishes, the sign of tuberculosis (TB), jaundice due to liver problems, inflammation of the thyroid gland, and even sinusitis.
If you find any discoloration and deformities even if you don’t use any cosmetics then you need to check with your doctor.
7. Itching and pinching
Having numbness, tingling, and needle-like piercing on your feet can be a sign of poor circulatory system, slight or severe damaged peripheral nervous system, or possibly a trapped nerve.
If a diabetic patient is having numbness or tingling then it’s a sign of nerve damage. According to the National MS Society, numbness or “pins and needles” in the extremities is often one of the first signs of multiple sclerosis (MS).
8. Ache in the toe joints
The lining of the joints becomes swollen and inflamed in rheumatoid arthritis. The damage to the joint and supporting ligaments can lead to decrease in mobility. Deformities like claw toe or hammer toe, can soften the bone or make it brittle which results in a bone fracture.
Rest, ice, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, can help to relieve symptoms and reduce pain and inflammation, reports Medical News Today
9. Drop Foot
If a person is not able to lift the front part of the foot then it is a sign of damage to underlying muscular, neurological, or anatomical problem which can result in nerve injury or hip injury.
As the brain is connected to all parts of the body, there may be a muscle or nerve damage which can go as far up as the neck or shoulder. The person may not be able to lift the foot at all and might drag the foot while walking. A person with multiple sclerosis or stroke may have foot drop and also a person with polio, or a brain or spinal cord disorder.
Give some time to your feet also.