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Top 100 Podiatry Blog
Feb
07
5 common foot problems and how to treat them?

Feet are a very important part of your body – probably more important than you realise in everyday life. When you have in injury or problem in your feet you realise how difficult it is to function without them. Our feet also go through a lot – dirt, germs, dirty socks and what not.

Some things can lead to trouble in our feet. Infections, bone disorders, muscle problems can become common and difficult to deal with. Here are a few common foot conditions that many people suffer from and their treatments.

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Flat Foot

Jan
22
How runners can prevent and battle #Bunions

Thanks to the nature of our sport, we can suffer some painful foot conditions at times. One of the more common ones: the bunion. A bunion is an (often unsightly) protuberance at the base of your big toe. It forms when the metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP for short) is stressed over a prolonged period of time, causing the first metatarsalto turn outward and the big toe to point inward. The resulting protrusion can be painful—especially when it chafes within shoes. Some people can also form a bunion at the base of the pinky toe, as well, known as a bunionette (and sometimes misdiagnosed as a Tailor’s bunion).

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Jan
15
Losing a Foot or Leg to Diabetes? Get proper treatment with Dr. Wolf

WHEN PEOPLE ARE diagnosed with diabetes, sooner or later they'll confront a major reality: They've just increased the odds that someday they may need a toe, foot or leg amputated because of complications of this common, chronic disease.


Jan
15
What every runner should know about #IngrownToenails

Ingrown toenails hurt, and the sharp pain and pressure they cause can make each stride unbearable, forcing you to skip running for days.

“An ingrown toenail occurs when the corner or border of a toenail—most commonly the big toe—impinges or otherwise irritates the surrounding soft tissue of the toe, resulting in painful inflammation that can puncture the skin and cause acute infection,” says Michael J. Trepal, a podiatrist at the New York College of Podiatric Medicine.

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Dec
07
Learn about Injected Drug to prevent gout problems

A new approach to preventing gout attacks looks promising for people not already helped by existing treatments. Researchers are looking at an anti-inflammatory drug called canakinumab (Ilaris) to treat this painful form of arthritis.

Instead of targeting excessively high uric acid levels as existing gout drugs do, the new strategy aims to reduce overall inflammation. The drug goes after a specific inflammatory molecule called interleukin-1.

The result was a 50 percent drop in gout attack risk, the researchers found. "This was a very large effect," said study lead author Dr. Daniel Solomon, a rheumatologist with Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.

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He acknowledged it was "very surprising" that the drug packed an equally protective punch whether patients had normal uric acid levels or very high levels.

But Ilaris is unlikely to be the preventive drug of choice any time soon, said Solomon. For one, it has not yet received approval for gout treatment in the United States. And most patients already achieve risk reduction with standard uric acid-lowering treatments, such as allopurinol (brand names Zyloprim, Aloprim).

What’s more, decades-old allopurinol is a cheap daily pill. "Canakinumab is very expensive," said Solomon. Its main role to date is as a last-ditch treatment for rare, so-called "orphan" diseases. At its current price, he said, "it is not a viable option for most patients with gout."

Also, it must be injected every three months by a caregiver. Still, Solomon said Ilaris may have a clinical role for patients who don’t respond to or tolerate standard medications. Prior research had shown that interleukin-1B inhibitors can shorten gout attacks, but it wasn’t known if they could prevent them, the study authors said.

The new research was funded by Novartis, the maker of Ilaris. The results were published online in September in Annals of Internal Medicine. Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis. When a chemical called uric acid builds up in the body, it triggers the formation of tiny jagged crystals that cause severe joint paint, most often in the foot, particularly the big toe. Gout’s prevalence has increased considerably in recent decades.

Heart disease and gout often overlap, the researchers noted. To explore whether Ilaris has potential as a preventive measure, investigators conducted a secondary analysis of the so-called Canakinumab Anti-Inflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study (CANTOS). This enlisted more than 10,000 heart attack patients to see if Ilaris might help reduce future cardiovascular complications among high-risk individuals.

The researchers found that patients treated with four injections of Ilaris a year faced half the risk for a gout attack, compared with those given a dummy (placebo) treatment, regardless of uric acid levels. "We have no strong reason to believe that [Ilaris] would be less effective in patients without known heart disease," said Solomon.

Howard Feinberg, a professor of rheumatology at Touro University in Vallejo, Calif., agreed. Based on the current and prior research, "we can assume that this drug will work for most patients," including those without a history of heart disease, he said.

Feinberg said he "would not recommend its use for someone who did well on older medications" because of its high cost and the need to give it as in injection. "The type of patient who would benefit the most is someone who was allergic or could not take standard therapy," Feinberg said, mentioning patients with kidney disease. "This treatment is also ideal for someone whose gout could not be controlled on allopurinol or other older therapies."


Nov
30
Can you do yoga #Barefoot?

Yoga is traditionally done barefoot, and most yogis would probably cringe at the thought of wearing shoes or even socks during their practice. #FreeTheFoot, amirite people? In all seriousness, though, you're probably really accustomed to doing yoga barefoot and don't even give it a second thought at this point — but that might not always be the best idea, according to at least one expert.

I don't know about you, but I think there's something very liberating about being barefoot, whether it's during yoga or even when you're just hanging out around the house. "The fat on the bottom of your foot is the only cushion between your foot bones and the floor." In other words, you know those one-legged yoga poses that test your balance, like...


Nov
16
The hazards affecting your employees’ foot safety

Many jobs require employees to constantly lift, move and work with heavy objects, all while standing for long periods of time. When all of these factors are coupled, it can result in potentially fatal injuries that start with the feet and work their way up the body, affecting knees, hips and backs. Foot injuries can cause enormous backlash for both the employee and employer. For example, with employees, an injury resulting in permanent or long-term foot damage can hinder their ability to work, while employers can be left paying immense amount of workers compensation.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there are more than 53,000 foot injuries per year leading to missed work days. This means that on average, 4.8 individuals per ...


Oct
31
Choose the right shoes to start school with these shoe shopping tips

Here are some tips to keep in mind when shopping for new shoes:

Your child’s feet change with age


Shoe and sock sizes may change every few months as a child’s feet grow. Be sure to have the size checked at a minimum of every six months.

Shoes that don’t fit properly can aggravate the feet


Always be sure to measure your child’s feet before purchasing a new pair of shoes and watch for signs of irritation (including swelling, blisters or redness) after the initial use.

Ditch the hand-me-downs

Just because a shoe size fits one child comfortably doesn’t mean it will fit another the same way. Also, sharing shoes can spread fungal infections such as athlete’s foot and nail fungus.Examine the heel of the sho...


Oct
22
Foot pain may be tied to heart disease!

Your foot and leg pain can be related to heart disease. In honour of the many men and women who are diagnosed with heart disease, we thought we’d talk about the connection between the feet and heart.

Coronary artery disease is narrowing of the arteries in the heart where peripheral artery disease (PAD) is narrowing of the arteries in the extremities and feet. PAD is very common in people with coronary artery disease.

Hardened, narrowed arteries (atherosclerosis) are due to plaque buildup along the arterial wall. The plaque consists of fats, cholesterol, and other substances.

The more the buildup, the more blockage that occurs and in cases of inflammation of the plaque it can break off and cause complete blockage of blood flow.

When there is severe reduction in blood flow or complete blockage, there is tissue damage or death. In the heart, this is considered a heart attack. In the feet and legs, this can be limb-threatening where you are at risk of toe, foot or partial leg amputation.

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Sep
24
If you want to wear heels, there's a healthier way to do it

When you wear heels, that throws off the alignment in your foot, that then goes to your ankles, your knees, your hips, your back — your whole skeletal alignment is off, adding extra stress onto the joints, which in turn can cause arthritis over the years.

wearing heels can also cause more acute problems, like stress fractures and neuromas. A neuroma happens when a nerve in the foot gets sandwiched too tightly between bones, growing enlarged and causing pain. And while heels don't actually cause bunions or hammertoes, they can easily make them worse.

The worst part of my heel-wearing experiment wasn't that my feet hurt more than usual. It was that I moved way less than usual.

I love taking walks at lunchtime or post-dinner to stretc...


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