Top 100 Podiatry Blog
Best Shoes for your Flat Feet

An estimated 20 to 30 percent of the population has flat feet, a condition that occurs when the arches flatten, allowing the soles of the feet to completely touch the floor while standing. Many issues can cause the condition. For some people, it's hereditary. Others develop flat feet because of pregnancy, aging, obesity, or a health condition such as rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Whether or not your flat feet cause you pain, wearing the right shoe is vital. Slipping your feet into the wrong pair can lead to ankle, knee, hip, back, shoulder and even neck problems. And not to mention, the right shoe will provide a comfortable haven for tired, achy, and swollen feet.

The toe box...

Clip your Nails correctly to avoid ingrown nails


An ingrown toenail may seem like a minor thing, but they sure hurt!

When inflamed, they can make it extremely difficult to walk and usually require a GP or health professional to surgically remove the nail from causing further damage to the skin of the toe.

According to the NHS, the irritation usually occurs when the side of a nail grows into the surrounding skin on a toe. It’s more common on the big toes and can cause an infection when the nail begins cutting into the skin.

In most cases, the single leading cause of an ingrown toenail is because of the way the toenails are cut. If they’re cut too short or the edges are trimmed too far back, it can cause the skin to grow over the nail, then as the nail grows, it digs in to that skin. While common, it’s not the only reason why people develop them, however.

If you regularly wear tight shoes or tight socks, stockings or tights, you’re adding pressure on the skin around the toenail and possibly pushing it against the sharp edges of your toenails.

It’s also common for people to develop an ingrown nail after an injury to the toe. For example, if you accidentally drop something on your toe, stub it or participate in activities where the toes are subject to constant pressure such as running, it’s likely for the nail to be impacted.

Moisture in the feet can also cause the skin around the nails to become softer and the skin to be able to grow over them. If you spend a lot of time in the water or have a problem with sweaty feet, it makes for the perfect environment for a nail to start growing into the skin.

For others, ingrown nails are an unlucky side effect from the shape of their nails or toes. Some people have curvy nails that naturally grow into the surrounding skin. And fungal infections can cause nails to become thicker and wider and more likely to dig into the skin too.

As a result, just touching the ingrown toenail can be very painful, while the nail and the skin around it can become raised, red and infected. Fluid typically builds up in the toe and it’s not uncommon to notice pus forming in the area.

It’s always important to try and avoid infection where possible, but sometimes, the nail has to be removed in order to clear up the irritation.

That can be done via two methods. Doctors will either remove part of the nail (a partial nail avulsion), or remove the whole nail (a total nail avulsion). Doctors typically also prescribe antibiotics to help clear an infection when the nail is removed, but there are still things you can do to relieve the painful symptoms before seeking professional help.

Where possible, always try and cut toenails straight, rather than curving around. If you do notice some slight pain or a nail slowly growing into the skin, it may be possible to push the skin away with a clean cotton bud or another sterilised tool.

It’s also important to wear sensible footwear. Choosing shoes that let the feet breathe such as flip-flops or sandals can be a great help, while something with a sturdy heel that isn’t too high can also prevent them – very high heels push the toes into the tip of the shoe, putting pressure on the skin and nail and making ingrown nails more likely.

If you do suffer from ingrown nails regularly but are nervous of having the nail removed, it may be worth consulting a podiatrist or your GP, who cut able to cut your nails in a way that makes them less likely to become ingrown.

Foot Problems Can become Serious!


If you want to know the state of your health, try looking down. “There’s no question it’s extremelyimportant that people pay attention to their feet,” says Terry Philbin, D.O., spokesperson for the AmericanAcademy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) and a foot and ankle specialist at the Orthopedic Foot and AnkleCenter in Westerville, Ohio. The condition of your feet can give you clues to a host of medical issues, suchas diabetes, arthritis, and even heart disease. Read on to find out what to look for and what it may mean.1. Pain“There’s no pain that should be ignored,” says Jane Andersen, D.P.M., a podiatrist in Chapel Hill,North Carolina and a member of the American Podiatric Medical Association. An...

When is barefoot training ever good?


Lately, it seems like shoes have become optional for getting in a good workout. While we all remember the barefoot running craze from a few years back, a more recent spike in barefoot lifting has forced more gyms and weight rooms to develop “you at least have to wear socks” policies. On the flip side, most yoga, pilates, and barre studios won’t even let you step foot into their classrooms unless you take off your shoes first.

So what’s barefoot training all about? And when is it a good idea to ditch your sneakers—and when is it just asking for an injury? We talked to sports medicine doctor, a kinesiologist (an expert in the science of body movement), and a podiatrist to find out. Here's what they said about lifting, running, and taking classes barefoot.

Turns out, wearing shoes all day every day lets our feet slack off—and over time, they become weak.

There’s a reason podiatrist call shoes "foot coffins." "When you’re wearing shoes, the muscles and connective tissues don’t have to work very hard to stabilize your body," Gennady Kolodenker, D.P.M., a podiatrist with Hoag Orthopedic Institute in California, tells SELF. The shoes do much of the work for your feet, which more or less just chill out in your shoes.

What’s so bad about that? Well, your feet are designed to function as the foundation for your entire body. When you don't use them in that way every day, they aren't as good at doing this job and will need to be "retrained," Alberta-based kinesiologist and medical exercise specialist Dean Somerset, C.S.C.S., tells SELF. He explains that it’s a lot like wearing a cast on your arm. Remove it after a few weeks of wear, and you’re bound to notice a drop in your bicep curls, triceps extensions, and even your ability to type and write. Now envision wearing that cast on your foot for a good 12 hours per day, 365 days per year. Exactly.

Good Foot Care For Those With Diabetes

Intensive management of type 2 diabetes can make a difference in how long and how well you live, even if you don't start until middle age, researchers report.

People who were already at risk of type 2 diabetes complications were randomly selected to continue with their normal treatment or to be placed in an aggressive and multipronged treatment group.

Two decades after the study began, the researchers found that people in the aggressive treatment group lived almost eight years longer.

Not only that, they lived better -- their risk of heart disease, kidney disease and blindness all dropped. The only complication that didn't seem to improve was nerve damage caused by diabetes.

"Early, intensified intervention in type 2 diabetes patients wi...

Let's Talk About Your Feet

Let’s hear it for our “gnarly” friends. I am speaking of course about our feet.

We often hear about our aching backs or other part of our bodies, but publicly talking about your feet is often not fashionable.

It has been said that “when you are smiling, the whole world smiles with you.” I don’t know when that was written, but it goes along with Socrates when he said, “When our feet hurt we hurt all over.” It’s hard to smile when every step you take causes pain.

Does Pedicure Risk Your Health?

You have been walking all day long and to round up the day you head to a salon for a heavenly pedicure. It feels so nice to just put your feet in warm water and let the beautician do her magic. Pedicures have not just online has become a cosmetic treatment but a reason to escape this fast growing world to rejuvenate yourself. Men and women, both use pedicure to keep their feet healthy.

But the question arises do pedicures really make your feet healthy? Well, you can say yes and no. this is because even though pedicures make your feet clean but they come with a warning tag which most of us choose to ignore. Regular pedicures can increase the health risks and can harm your feet in a long run.

Cons of pedicures

No matter how rejuvenating or c...

Treating Dystrophic Hallux Nails in a Six-Year-Old Boy

A 6-year-old male who likes to play sports presents with painful great toenails that have been present in the current condition since birth. They are painful in various shoes. His mother has taken him to other physicians who stated that the condition is not caused by nail fungus but they have offered no other solution. The patient has no pertinent past medical or birth history, no medications and no history of this on any other digit.
Upon examination, his bilateral hallux toenails are discolored, thickened, rough in appearance and deviated laterally. No lesions are present on the other toenails or fingernails.

Key Questions To Consider

What are the main characteristics of this condition?

What is the most likely diagnosis?

What is your ...

Why Does Heel Pain Occur?

Heel pain is generally the result of faulty biomechanics (walking gait abnormalities) that place too much stress on the heel bone and the soft tissues that attach to it. The stress may also result from injury or a bruise incurred while walking, running, or jumping on hard surfaces; wearing poorly constructed footwear, or being overweight. Heel pain is also common among children ages 8–13 due to a rise in sports activity between these ages.

Plantar Fasciitis—inflammation of the band of fibrous connective tissue running along the bottom of the foot. This condition is common among athletes who tend to do the extensive walking and running.

Excessive Pronation—excessive flattening of the foot (pronati...

Treating Foot Pain in Alpine Skiers with Pes Planus

The foot plays a unique role in downhill skiing. Subsequently, several of the pa- technologies that are experienced commonly by skiers are unique to the sport of skiing. The question then arises, whom should the skier consult when experiencing foot pain while skiing?

Many of the pathologies suffered by skiers are simply secondary to poor-fitting boots or lack of support inside the boot. Many of these skiers can benefit greatly by working with an experienced and skilled boot fitter in a ski shop. In fact, most of the problems suffered by skiers can likely best be taken care of by a boot fitter.

There are, however, several conditions commonly experienced by skiers that, in most cases, are best treated by a medical profess...





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