Top 100 Podiatry Blog
How to avoid and fix Ingrown Toenails?

An ingrown toenail may seem like a minor thing, but they sure hurt!

Things to do when your Toenail Is falling off

While losing a toenail is a common ailment for runners, it can happen to anyone and for a number of reasons. Here's how to make sure the new one arrives in good shape.

If your toenail is about to fall off, you're probably thinking "Help!" in sheer panic and making the same face as the "scream" emoji. But when it comes to losing one of these little guys, it pays to take a chill pill and wait.

Here's everything you need to know about the super-common issue of losing a toenail.


Do not ignore Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Diabetic foot ulcers can begin in a mundane way. Maybe it’s a new pair of shoes or an extra long walk. Next thing you know, you have a small callus or blister on your foot.

The problem arises when you lose feeling in your feet. If you keep walking instead of stopping or changing shoes, a small sore may turn into a more serious wound. Up to 10 percent of people with diabetes will end up with a foot ulcer.


How can you prevent foot ulcers?

Tips for your Aching Feet

“Heaven is under our feet as well as over our heads.”

Of course, Thoreau was speaking of the beauty of the natural world all around us, the earthly realm under our feet.

However, it isn’t very heavenly when feet are tired and sore.


Our feet take a beating every day. Studies and walking app data confirm that the average American walks somewhere between 5,000 and 7,000 steps a day. Five thousand steps is about 2.5 miles and equal to about 912 miles per year. Active folks may be walking 5 to 7 miles a day, upping the yearly total to 2,500 miles or more!

Learn how you can help your Ingrown Toenails

If you have an ingrown toenail, the side border of your toenail — usually your big toe —starts to dig in and irritate the skin. The sharp edge digging into the skin may set a pathway of irritation to inflammation (warmth, redness, swelling) to infection (drainage, pus), all of which cause pain.

More so, ingrown toenails hurt so a lot because the skin near your nail corners is a particularly sensitive area, since it has a high number of nerves.

The big question however is how do they happen in the first place, and how can you get rid of them? Here are several tips that can be of help.


Best Shoes for your Flat Feet

An estimated 20 to 30 percent of the population has flat feet, a condition that occurs when the arches flatten, allowing the soles of the feet to completely touch the floor while standing. Many issues can cause the condition. For some people, it's hereditary. Others develop flat feet because of pregnancy, aging, obesity, or a health condition such as rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Whether or not your flat feet cause you pain, wearing the right shoe is vital. Slipping your feet into the wrong pair can lead to ankle, knee, hip, back, shoulder and even neck problems. And not to mention, the right shoe will provide a comfortable haven for tired, achy, and swollen feet.

The toe box...

Clip your Nails correctly to avoid ingrown nails


An ingrown toenail may seem like a minor thing, but they sure hurt!

When inflamed, they can make it extremely difficult to walk and usually require a GP or health professional to surgically remove the nail from causing further damage to the skin of the toe.

According to the NHS, the irritation usually occurs when the side of a nail grows into the surrounding skin on a toe. It’s more common on the big toes and can cause an infection when the nail begins cutting into the skin.

In most cases, the single leading cause of an ingrown toenail is because of the way the toenails are cut. If they’re cut too short or the edges are trimmed too far back, it can cause the skin to grow over the nail, then as the nail grows, it digs in to that skin. While common, it’s not the only reason why people develop them, however.

If you regularly wear tight shoes or tight socks, stockings or tights, you’re adding pressure on the skin around the toenail and possibly pushing it against the sharp edges of your toenails.

It’s also common for people to develop an ingrown nail after an injury to the toe. For example, if you accidentally drop something on your toe, stub it or participate in activities where the toes are subject to constant pressure such as running, it’s likely for the nail to be impacted.

Moisture in the feet can also cause the skin around the nails to become softer and the skin to be able to grow over them. If you spend a lot of time in the water or have a problem with sweaty feet, it makes for the perfect environment for a nail to start growing into the skin.

For others, ingrown nails are an unlucky side effect from the shape of their nails or toes. Some people have curvy nails that naturally grow into the surrounding skin. And fungal infections can cause nails to become thicker and wider and more likely to dig into the skin too.

As a result, just touching the ingrown toenail can be very painful, while the nail and the skin around it can become raised, red and infected. Fluid typically builds up in the toe and it’s not uncommon to notice pus forming in the area.

It’s always important to try and avoid infection where possible, but sometimes, the nail has to be removed in order to clear up the irritation.

That can be done via two methods. Doctors will either remove part of the nail (a partial nail avulsion), or remove the whole nail (a total nail avulsion). Doctors typically also prescribe antibiotics to help clear an infection when the nail is removed, but there are still things you can do to relieve the painful symptoms before seeking professional help.

Where possible, always try and cut toenails straight, rather than curving around. If you do notice some slight pain or a nail slowly growing into the skin, it may be possible to push the skin away with a clean cotton bud or another sterilised tool.

It’s also important to wear sensible footwear. Choosing shoes that let the feet breathe such as flip-flops or sandals can be a great help, while something with a sturdy heel that isn’t too high can also prevent them – very high heels push the toes into the tip of the shoe, putting pressure on the skin and nail and making ingrown nails more likely.

If you do suffer from ingrown nails regularly but are nervous of having the nail removed, it may be worth consulting a podiatrist or your GP, who cut able to cut your nails in a way that makes them less likely to become ingrown.

Foot Problems Can become Serious!


If you want to know the state of your health, try looking down. “There’s no question it’s extremelyimportant that people pay attention to their feet,” says Terry Philbin, D.O., spokesperson for the AmericanAcademy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) and a foot and ankle specialist at the Orthopedic Foot and AnkleCenter in Westerville, Ohio. The condition of your feet can give you clues to a host of medical issues, suchas diabetes, arthritis, and even heart disease. Read on to find out what to look for and what it may mean.1. Pain“There’s no pain that should be ignored,” says Jane Andersen, D.P.M., a podiatrist in Chapel Hill,North Carolina and a member of the American Podiatric Medical Association. An...

When is barefoot training ever good?


Lately, it seems like shoes have become optional for getting in a good workout. While we all remember the barefoot running craze from a few years back, a more recent spike in barefoot lifting has forced more gyms and weight rooms to develop “you at least have to wear socks” policies. On the flip side, most yoga, pilates, and barre studios won’t even let you step foot into their classrooms unless you take off your shoes first.

So what’s barefoot training all about? And when is it a good idea to ditch your sneakers—and when is it just asking for an injury? We talked to sports medicine doctor, a kinesiologist (an expert in the science of body movement), and a podiatrist to find out. Here's what they said about lifting, running, and taking classes barefoot.

Turns out, wearing shoes all day every day lets our feet slack off—and over time, they become weak.

There’s a reason podiatrist call shoes "foot coffins." "When you’re wearing shoes, the muscles and connective tissues don’t have to work very hard to stabilize your body," Gennady Kolodenker, D.P.M., a podiatrist with Hoag Orthopedic Institute in California, tells SELF. The shoes do much of the work for your feet, which more or less just chill out in your shoes.

What’s so bad about that? Well, your feet are designed to function as the foundation for your entire body. When you don't use them in that way every day, they aren't as good at doing this job and will need to be "retrained," Alberta-based kinesiologist and medical exercise specialist Dean Somerset, C.S.C.S., tells SELF. He explains that it’s a lot like wearing a cast on your arm. Remove it after a few weeks of wear, and you’re bound to notice a drop in your bicep curls, triceps extensions, and even your ability to type and write. Now envision wearing that cast on your foot for a good 12 hours per day, 365 days per year. Exactly.

Good Foot Care For Those With Diabetes

Intensive management of type 2 diabetes can make a difference in how long and how well you live, even if you don't start until middle age, researchers report.

People who were already at risk of type 2 diabetes complications were randomly selected to continue with their normal treatment or to be placed in an aggressive and multipronged treatment group.

Two decades after the study began, the researchers found that people in the aggressive treatment group lived almost eight years longer.

Not only that, they lived better -- their risk of heart disease, kidney disease and blindness all dropped. The only complication that didn't seem to improve was nerve damage caused by diabetes.

"Early, intensified intervention in type 2 diabetes patients wi...





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